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A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior citizen Research Guy, Refugee Studies Centre, College or university of Oxford

Increasingly, solutions and algorithms are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These kinds of range from biometric matching engines that determine iris scans and fingerprints to lookup directories for asylum seekers and asylum seekers to chatbots to help people signup protection conditions. These tools are created to make this easier with regards to states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially numerous systems are currently slowed down due to the COVID-19 outbreak and raising levels of required displacement.

But they raise a host of human rights concerns. Some examples are privacy concerns, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. In addition they pose significant problems to migrant workers and refugees, who will often be already disenfranchised and weak.

Ozkul’s investigate explores many ways in which new technologies can be used to verify identities and narratives of migrant workers, allowing them to increase their asylum application method. It also examines the ways by which these solutions can create a particular informational space around migrant workers, and how they will configure all their subjecthood. Subsequent Foucault, this lady argues that such methods are both comarcal and institutional. For example , iris scanning methods can be seen when an institutional technology, as they require the migrant to enter a specific terrain in order to be accepted; while recommendation algorithms are business and global in their results, configuring topics as customers.

As a result, they will enact a particular form of hegemonic power above displaced persons. This is especially true provided the current competition to the bottom level in asylum policy – with some countries offering offers like the Nansen passport to help cachette resettling and others awe-inspiring restrictive regulations that block their very own access to place and power them back into dangerous and deadly trips.